Friday, October 15, 2010

Hepatitis B and C between STD?

    The both hepatitis can be transmitted by infected needles, by infected blood, by infected organs or bone marrow, and by sexual contact, sometimes by tattoos, and when you share the same syringe and needle with an infected person. Hepatitis B can be transmitted vertically from mother to child through pregnancy.
      Hepatitis B virus is more infectious, this is why,it can be transmitted by sexual contact.
      Hepatitis C virus can be also transmitted by sexual contact, but because C virus is not so infectious, is very rare when a hepatitis C is transmitted this way. That’s why, we must to consider hepatitis B and C between sexually transmitted diseases (STD).
      Both hepatitis can become severe, and share the same complications. The only thing is, the hepatitis B has 85 % chances to be cured with a good treatment and 15 % develop complications.
    Hepatitis C evolves in a chronic pattern in a large percentage of cases. Complications are: chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, hepatic cancer and liver insufficiency.
    These complications can appear in both hepatitis B and C. The most severe is hepatitis C, because a large percentage of people develop chronic hepatitis, develop liver failure, cirrhosis and cancer.
In conclusion, we have the chance to be cured by B Hepatitis, but Hepatitis C become chronic almost all the time.
   Another aspect is, when you have or had hepatitis B and/or C, you cannot be a blood, bone marrow or organ donor. In the same time, if you develop liver insufficiency, you will need a transplant.
Think twice, when you have an unprotected intercourse.The condom use will be always a good idea , preventing a large number of infectious and deadly diseases .
It is always more easy to prevent than to be cured.

Thursday, October 14, 2010

Generics or Brand Name drugs?

       The brand name drugs are the original drugs, the first drugs discovered, tested and put on the market. They have benefits and side effects.
      The original drugs are put on the market, and they are sold for approximately 20 years. In this time, the companies make profits, but also it is a period of time, when the treatments with these drugs are observed. If in time, problems with the drug occur, they can either stop the production and/or resolve these problems. After 20 years, the company will sell the patent kind of way, meaning some companies will produce the drug, in a similar form, but with a new name. These are the generics.
     The generic drugs, contain the same chemical substance but other ingredients can be different, in general these ingredients giving the shape, color, and consistency of the drug. Some of these ingredients can be allergenic for some people, but also are the ingredients from the brands name drugs.
     There are studies who said, there are no significant differences between the generic and brand name drugs. This is not entirely true. There are cases when the original has proved to be the best and also rare cases, when the generic are not so effective.
     It is well known the generics are cheaper than the brand name drugs, that’s why the generics help us to decrease, the amount of money spent in our Healthcare.
Are they the same with the original? Not in every aspect.
Are they effective as the original? In majority of cases, yes.
    I know doctors who prescribe the original drug, but this is when they have a lot of experience with that drug, and in their opinion, nothing is better than the original. But I can assure you; this is not a common practice, because we try to spend the healthcare money more efficiently. Sometimes the insurance company decides for you if, you receive the original or the generic. In some situations, I will choose the original, even if I must to pay the difference, but in majority of cases the generics are always a good solution.

Sunday, October 10, 2010

Exercise –induced amenorrhea

        Did you know, if you become a fitness freak female, you can stop menstruate?
Yes it’s entirely true. And it is not good at all for your health, even if you believe the sport is generally healthy.
Why is that?
      First, every woman has sexual hormones (estrogens and progesterone) and a small percentage of testosterone, produced in ovaries and adrenal glands. All these hormones have a different chemical structure, but all of them share the same molecule at start, the cholesterol molecule.
      It is no news that cholesterol in our body exist in two forms: circulating in blood, and in fat deposits everywhere in the body. This is the reason why, we go to gym, to burn that stored fat, as soon as possible.
      When we begin our workout, generally, we will increase every day the level of our effort, the time we spend at the gym, and when we enter in routine, we try other machines, maybe other sports. We can say the beginnings are hard on every sport; everything will become possible in the middle and sometimes become obsessive in the end, especially if your workout had no results as far.
     All efforts you do in order to slim, you will lose some fat on the beginning, you will have a period when your weight will stagnate, and after that if you perseverate, you will slim enough to be happy about it.
     In the slimming process, we do a lot of sport and paradoxically we don’t eat so much. This way, we will develop a big imbalance in our body between demand and offer. Because of this imbalance, our metabolic rate will increase and that’s how we lose weight.
      Everything seems to be alright until the fat stored in our body, decrease under 16%.
    Under 16 % fat in our body, there is not enough fat to produce sexual hormones, that’s why in the absence of these hormones, women stop menstruate. Our body prefer to keep the remaining fat to produce energy for the body,    producing heat.
It is like the body, stop the functions which are not important, keeping active the surviving functions. And how relieved we feel, when we see our body is really set for survival.
    By contrary, when a female body stops menstruating, a lot of problems appear.
One of them is, they can suffer a lot of fractures, because in the absence of sex hormones, the bone density decreases and the bones become very fragile at minimum impact. Other facts are: women cannot procreate in this period of time and others become anorexic, could develop hot flushes and some become emotionally unstable.
    In conclusion, it’s very important , to continue to eat a healthy diet, not to decrease under 1200 calories/day ,  having a very realistic workout not exceeding  1 hour and 20 minutes /day and not to forget the multivitamins and multimineral supplements .